Google is marking what would have been Har Gobind Khorana's 96th birthday with a doodle to celebrate the Nobel Prize winner's accomplishments in the field of biochemistry. His research and studies took him to England, Switzerland, Canada and eventually the U.S. By 1960, he moved to University of Wisconsin's Institute for Enzyme Research.
His father Ganpat Rai Khorana worked as a taxation clerk in the British Indian administration. Today's genetic engineering's achievement would be impossible without Khorana's work. Together, their work showed how DNA's code leads to the construction of RNA, which in turn allowed the construction of proteins to carry out functions.
The words code instructions for arranging amino acids, the basic units of proteins.
Just a few years after winning the Nobel, Khorana also constructed the first synthetic gene.
In 1966, he became the US' naturalized citizen and also received the prestigious National Medal of Science award. During this time he became intrigued with nucleic acids and proteins found in RNA.More news: Panthers fire OC Mike Shula and QB coach Ken Dorsey
Fascinated by science since childhood, Har Gobind completed his schooling from a school in Multan that gathered under the tree. He announced in 1976 that he was able to make an artificial gene function within a bacterial cell. In 1970, Khorana joined the faculty at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology as the Alfred P. Sloan professor of biology and chemistry, the position he held until he died on November 9, 2011 at age 89.
He was married in 1952 to a Swiss woman named Esther Elizabeth Sibler and the couple had three children. He joined the faculty of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1970, where he would remain until his retirement in 2007.
-Having advanced his education through scholarships, Khorana received his Bachelor's degree in 1943, and his Master's in 1945 at the Punjab University in Lahore. He is survived by his children Julia and Davel.
According to the bio, "Khorana spent a postdoctoral year (1948-1949) at the Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule in Zurich with Professor Vladimir Prelog".