Transferring that information to Google means using up gigabytes of data that consumers have paid for under data packages purchased from local telecom service providers, according to the Oracle report. According to the experts at Oracle cited by the ACCC, Google is draining around 1GB of mobile data monthly from Android phone users' accounts.
The ACCC does not seem to be taking Oracle's claims at face value, but is "considering information it has provided about Google services". The company is being said to send back the location of Android users to its servers even if the location-based services are switched off.
Are Android users providing "informed consent"?
"Data sent and received from Android devices may be transmitted over a Wi-Fi network or over the device's cellular connection".
Google told the news outlet in November that the location information was never stored or used; it was rather used to "further improve the speed and performance of message delivery".
The statement said: "Google is completely focused on protecting our users' data while making the products they love work better for them".More news: Taliban militants storm Afghan provincial capital, clashes continue
Oracle has accused Google of spying on Android users in Australia, but that is not all - Oracle has claimed that Google is using 1 GB data of Android users themselves for this spying.
The claims were made by Oracle as part of evidence provided to an Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) investigation into the internet giant, amid claims that Google is secretly tracking the movements of all Android users. We are exploring how much consumers know about the use of location data and are working closely with the privacy commissioner, he further added.
This information, the lawmakers argue, could be shared and used by advertisers.
One example of this, the letter notes, is Google's ability to share blog posts about "holiday shopping habits" through the data it collects from users' Location History. The crux of the new letter appears to be this: "Google has an intimate understanding or personal lives as they watch their users seek the support of reproductive health services, engage in civic activities or attend places of religious worship", wrote the senators.
The Hill reached out to Google for comment on the lawmakers' letter.