The family said in a statement late Saturday that the novelist had died at his London home.
In 1950, he moved to Britain to study at Oxford after winning a government scholarship to study at any commonwealth university in the world.
As a student, he struggled with depression and attempted suicide. He subsequently settled in England, although he travelled extensively thereafter. Naipaul later gained a lot of reputation as a wrote dozens of books, many of which dealt with colonialism and its dark legacy. His novel The Mystic Masseur was made into a 2001 TV movie.
Hailed as a masterpiece, A House for Mr Biswas told the tragicomic story of the search for independence and identity of a Brahmin Indian living in Trinidad. The book was based on the life of his father Seepersad Naipaul, who was a reporter for the "Trinidad Guardian".
On 86-m to year of life died a British writer, Nobel prize for literature Vidiadhar Surajprasad Naipaul.
His other noted works include "The Enigma of Arrival", "Miguel Street", "The Loss of El Dorado" and "Beyond Belief: Islamic Excursions among the Converted Peoples".
Noble Laureate V S Naipaul, left, is seen with his wife Nadira at the International Festival of Indian Literature at Home With The World in Neemrana, India on February 21, 2002.More news: More than 100 large wildfires in United States as six new blazes erupt
He received a knighthood from Queen Elizabeth in 1989.
There he met his first wife, Patricia Hale, whom he married in 1955 without telling his family. After her death in 1996, he married divorced Pakistani journalist Nadira Khannum Alvi.
Naipaul was also outspoken throughout his career, likening former British prime minister Tony Blair to a pirate at the head of a socialist revolution.
He said: "He never wrote falsely". He was a scourge of anyone who used a clich頯r an un-thought out sentence.
His one-time old friend and American writer, Paul Theroux once described him as a racist, sexist miser who beat up women and throw tantrums.
He was knighted in 1990 and won the Nobe Prize in Literature in 2001.