The so-called Universal Periodic Review - which all 193 United Nations countries must undergo approximately every four years - came as a Turkish official charged Monday that Saudi Arabia had sent experts to Turkey to cover up the journalist's murder before allowing Turkish police in to search the consulate.
Erdogan has said that Jamal Khashoggi's killing by Saudi agents was premeditated and that the order came from the "highest levels" of the Saudi government, although he has not specified who he thinks was responsible.
In their first comments to the news media since the Washington Post contributing columnist was killed in the Saudi Consulate in Istanbul on October 2, the sons said they did not yet know the exact circumstances of their father's death.
As new details continue to emerge about Khashoggi's murder in the Saudi consulate in Istanbul in early October, already hard relations between Turkey and Saudi Arabia have plunged to new lows.
He was killed after entering the Saudi consulate on October 2 for paperwork to marry his Turkish fiance.
It is the latest in a series of leaks from Turkish officials orchestrated to keep up the pressure on Saudi Arabia and ensuring that the killing is not covered up.
So far 18 men have been arrested by Saudi authorities in connection with the death. The country's prosecutor stated that the journalist was killed by "strangulation" and that his body was "cut into pieces" after the murder.More news: Rapper Mac Miller died from drugs and alcohol, autopsy finds
The senior Turkish official confirmed the main details of the report and said the Saudi team was sent with the knowledge of top Saudi officials.
Saudi Arabian billionaire Prince Alwaleed bin Talal, an global businessman from the kingdom, said on Sunday that an official investigation into the death of journalist Jamal Khashoggi will exonerate the country's leader.
Khaled's release comes as Saudi Arabia faces increased scrutiny from Western powers over the killing of journalist Jamal Khashoggi, at the Saudi consulate in Istanbul last month.
When asked what he thought really happened to his father, Salah said he was waiting for investigations to conclude. Khashoggi, a permanent US resident who was living in Virginia, was critical of the Saudi government.
At the end of January the Saudi prosecutor general's office said more than $100bn (£77bn) had been recovered following financial settlements with those being held.
At the same time, we have also accepted the responsibility to the people of Saudi Arabia, an obligation we take quite seriously to help them manage their financial resources and diversify their economy.
Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, also known as MBS, launched seven strategic projects in renewable energy, atomic energy, water desalination, genetic medicine and the aircraft industry during his visit to King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology on Monday.